Basic Guinea Pig Care

March is Adopt A Guinea Pig Month! These little guys make very cute and lovable pets. Here, a Livonia, MI vet discusses caring for Guinea pigs.


Guinea pigs are very charming and playful. They are typically very friendly and docile, which is why they are such popular children’s pets. Many of them also like to cuddle with their humans. You may even be able to teach your cavy simple tricks! Just be sure to handle your tiny furball frequently and gently to keep him sociable. If you get a cavy for a child, supervise pet playtime carefully.


Your pet will need a nice, comfy cage. For one cavy, we recommend getting a cage that is at least 7.5 square feet. If you get more than one, you’ll need a bigger cage. Choose one with a solid bottom, as mesh bottoms can cause injuries. You’ll need to add a good substrate, such as aspen. Fleece blankets also work. Avoid pine or cedar substrates, as they are toxic to small animals. Add some comfy hiding spots, such as cozies, which are basically tiny tents for small pets. Your little buddy will also need dishes and a water bottle. You can also add a litterbox and hayrack if you like.


These little balls of fluff are very sociable, and often get lonely when left by themselves. We recommend getting at least two. This also gives you double cuteness! Just be sure to only keep same-sex pairs together!


You’ll need to offer your adorable pet lots of fresh grass hay, such as Timothy hay. Your cavy can have commercial food for his main meals. You’ll also need to give your pint-sized pal safe, suitable produce and, of course, the occasional snack. Include lots of foods that are high in Vitamin C, which is crucial to Guinea pigs. Ask your vet for specific advice.


Guinea pigs are curious and intelligent, and will quickly get bored with nothing to do. Offer your tiny furball lots of toys, including plenty of suitable chew toys. Many wood, wicker, and cardboard items are fine, as long as they are clean, unstained, and free of sharp edges and small parts. Ask your vet for more information.

Please do not hesitate to contact us, your Livonia, MI pet clinic, for all of your cavy’s veterinary care needs. We are happy to assist!

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